All photos courtesy of Devika and Saloni Kumar.
Raised in Texas, sisters Devika and Saloni Kumar spent many vacations throughout their childhood and teenage years traveling back to India to visit their extended family. On these trips, they witnessed many differences between their two home countries – India and the United States. On a more recent visit to Rajasthan, in 2016, they were surprised to discover one of the largest problems impacting young girls and women all over India: a lack of basic menstrual education and hygiene.
“When a girl is on her period and doesn’t have pads all week, or is regarded as too impure during that time to go into the kitchen or to the temple, she is often secluded to her home or room. This means for one week a month, she can’t attend school and can miss up to 13 weeks of school a year, greatly affecting her education and personal growth and development.”
[Read Related: Promoting Menstrual Dignity is Something You Need to Get With—Period]
This revelation came at a time when Devika was looking for a project that would earn her the Girl Scout Gold Award, the highest level of recognition within the organization. According to the Girl Scouts website, the recipients of this award are:
“Inspiring leaders whose Gold Award projects are impacting the worlds of STEM, education, agriculture, medicine, and more on a local, national, or global level.”
Saloni said her sister had toyed with numerous ideas for her project, but the experience of speaking to Rajasthani women about the obstacles they faced due to the stigma attached to menstruation, almost nonexistent menstrual education and the lack of access to pads and tampons remained in their minds.
Through further research, the Kumar sisters, both current students at the University of Texas at Austin, were exposed to the detrimental reality of the issue. The MAHI Project’s website, MAHIProject.org, includes some startling statistics:
- 23% of girls in rural areas drop out of school due to menstruation
- 53% of school girls were never provided any type of education about menstruation
- 27% do not have access to pads, tampons, or other management materials
“[Devika] came across resources, like the Menstrual Man, as we had watched his TED talk that year and, slowly, with the help of our parents, she began to form a tangible project that we both cared about deeply.”
From that seed of an idea bloomed The MAHI Project, an acronym for Menstrual Awareness and Hygiene in India. Through this initiative, Devika and Saloni have provided the women in Dityakhedi, Rajasthan a communal low-cost pad-making machine, created by original “PadMan,” Arunachalam Muruganantham.
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With funds raised in the U.S. with the help of friends and family, Devika and Saloni were able to purchase a machine from Muruganantham’s Jayaashree Industries and arranged for it to be transported from Coimbatore to Rajasthan. Once delivered, a Jayaashree engineer trained them, as well as the women in the area, who would be operating the machine after the sisters returned home to the U.S. The machine would also help another rampant issue in more rural regions of India – unemployment.
Regarding supporting local employment, Saloni said:
“The machine came with a year’s worth of supplies to make sanitary napkins, and the ultimate goal behind the project is for lower-income women to work the machine as a source of employment. They could set the prices and sell these pads in bundles to women in surrounding villages who cannot afford commercial pads and use the money as a salary and to purchase more material. Many women from nearby villages expressed genuine interest in purchasing the pads, and we were excited to watch this process unfold.”
After the machine was in place, Devika and Saloni facilitated educational conversations about periods and reproductive health in the neighboring communities using Menstrupedia, a platform based in Gujarat that seeks to dispel misconceptions and increase awareness about menstruation through various forms of content.
[Read Related: #BleedingLove: ‘I Thought I was Being Punished for Being a Woman’]
Sharing the Menstrupedia videos, available in English, Spanish, and several South Asian languages, the sisters were able to create a safe space for open discussion where participants could ask questions that they never had a chance to have answered before. Over 100 women, collectively, from five villages around Dityakhedi, Rajasthan, volunteered to attend these meetings.
“Our mom is a physician and the women were grateful to be able to communicate and ask some tough medical questions to a native Indian.”
Though the conversations were helpful to the women in the region, the sisters’ vision for the machine was not being carried out in the way they had hoped.
“We realized about a couple months after the initial installation in Rajasthan that the women operating the machine were of a higher income than the average village women. This handful of women did not have a need to run the machine for employment, and it wasn’t being utilized.”
Through their family, they found a second home for their project – a girls’ school in Malappuram, Kerala. Girls at the school, participating in a program similar to a national honors society, expressed their interest in bringing the effort to their community. The school was located in a low-income area, and the neighborhood residents were survivors of abuse and domestic violence.
Having accomplished one successful project, they aim to set a model that they can reproduce in other areas of India where the project is needed. For now, Devika and Saloni are the only ones comprising the MAHI team, but they receive support from their family. With hopes of expansion, they said they also are aware of the difficulties of adding new team members in the U.S. Because much of the process involves working on-site in India, it is a commitment that not every individual can make.
Their main goal is to continue to raise awareness and funds in the U.S. and create their own space within the Austin nonprofit community. With increased recognition of the issue, they hope that there will be more conversation on the topic, not only with women but with men as well.
“Starting conversations with men about this is also extremely important in the Asian communities. Fathers, brothers, and relatives should know that periods are a sign of a healthy body and are nothing to be ashamed about. People can inform themselves by doing some research on the topic and asking questions.”
For those who want to help in more active ways, the Kumar sisters recommend visiting their website where links to other international efforts with a similar purpose are available. With movies like “PadMan” and initiatives like Brown Girl Magazine’s #BleedingLove campaign contributing to the cause, the two believe that change is possible.
[Read Related: #BleedingLove: The Bloody Truth About Periods]
Devika Kumar ended up earning the Gold Award she had aspired towards since she was a young scout and was named one of the ten 2017 Girl Scout National Women of Distinction. Both sisters also received service medals from the governor of Kerala for their work at the local school. However, their true motivation comes from the girls they have met and continue to impact through this experience.
“[The MAHI Project] was born out of every interaction we had with village girls our age who thanked us for talking to them about something so basic. They were the ones who made us realize that we wanted to keep this fire burning and the conversation going.”
To read more about their work and support Devika and Saloni’s initiatives, you can visit The Mahi Project’s website here.
Gabrielle Deonath is a New York-based writer with a passion for telling stories through journalism and creative writing. Through her writing, she hopes to give a voice to those without a platform and to highlight unadulterated representations of minorities. Her work has been featured in publications, such as VirtualMosque.com, SISTERS Magazine, The Island Now, and Survival of the Hardworking, a charity anthology. To read more, visit her blog at hijabdiaries.com.