Anti-Sikh Hate is on the Rise: Here’s What we can do

anti-sikh hate

I was nine years old when I first heard someone tell my nanaji, “Go back to your country!”  

That incident happened a few months after 9/11. At the time, I remember feeling an instant mix of emotions: confusion, anger, fear, and helplessness. Eighteen years later, I still feel this way every time I hear of an attack targeting a Sikh. 

Just last month, an elderly Sikh man named Parmjit Singh was stabbed to death while taking a walk in his neighborhood in Tracy, California. While the motive, in this case, continues to be investigated, the incident is part of a growing trend of attacks targeting Sikhs in America. 

Background on Anti-Sikh Hate Crimes 

In the aftermath of 9/11, the murder of Sikh American Balbir Singh Sodhi was the first deadly hate crime reported. On Sept. 15, Sodhi was shot and killed outside his gas station in Mesa, Arizona. In just the first month after 9/11, the Sikh Coalition—the nation’s largest Sikh civil rights organization—documented more than 300 cases of violence and discrimination targeting Sikhs. 

Since then, dozens of Sikhs have experienced violence and incidents of hate and bias.

  • In 2011, two Sikh grandfathers were shot and killed during their daily afternoon walk in Elk Grove, California. To date, this case remains unsolved. 
  • On August 5, 2012, a neo-Nazi gunman walked into a gurdwara in Oak Creek, Wisconsin and opened fire, killing six worshippers and injuring several more. At the time, it was the largest mass shooting in a house of worship in America. 
  • In 2013, 82-year-old Piara Singh was brutally attacked while leaving a gurdwara. 
  • In 2015, 68-year-old Amrik Singh Bal was punched in the face several times and run over by a car while on his way to work. In California, 78-year-old Gian Singh was assaulted while he waited to pick up his grandson from middle school. In Chicago, Illinois, Inderjit Singh Mukker was brutally attacked while driving to the grocery store. The assailant repeatedly cut him off with his car and when Mukker pulled over to the side of the road to let the vehicle pass, the assailant pulled in front of his car, got out, reached into his car, and repeatedly punched him in the face, causing him to lose consciousness. 
  • In 2016, a group of men severely beat Mann Singh Khalsa and forcefully cut his hair (which Sikhs maintain unshorn as part of their faith) in Richmond, California. 
  • In 2017, Harkirat Singh, a New York Sikh taxi driver was attacked when his assailant ripped his turban off his head. In Washington, Sikh taxi driver Swarn Singh was attacked by a man with a hammer who repeatedly targeted his turban. Also in Washington, Deep Rai was shot in his driveway by a man who shouted: “Go back to your own country!”
  • In August 2018, two teenagers brutally attacked an elderly Sikh man taking a neighborhood walk-in Manteca, California.

Unfortunately, these are only a few of the high-profile offenses targeting Sikhs as many incidents are never reported. 

[Read Related: Michigan’s New Education Standards Brings Hope to Sikhs in America]

Sikh Coalition Leading Efforts to Tackle Anti-Sikh Hate 

In order to combat hate targeting Sikhs in America, the Sikh Coalition is leading a multi-pronged approach to educate policymakers about anti-Sikh hate crimes and collect hate crime data.

In 2013, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) announced it would begin tracking anti-Sikh hate crimes, after years of successful campaigning spearheaded by the Sikh Coalition. For the first time ever, the FBI also began tracking hate crime statistics for the Hindu, Arab-American, Buddhist, Mormon, Jehovah’s Witness and Orthodox Christian communities. Official tracking began in 2015, and data is released every year in the FBI’s annual report. 

According to the FBI’s most recent hate crime report, hate crimes have increased by 16.7 percent and anti-Sikh hate crimes by more than 243 percent between 2016-2017 (data for 2018 will be released in November 2019). But the offenses included in the FBI’s report are just the tip of the iceberg. 

The FBI’s annual statistics, unfortunately, underreport the scale of hate violence targeting Sikhs and other minority communities. Due to a lack of adequate training and resources, law enforcement often does not identify or misidentifies bias as a factor when a hate crime or bias incident occurs. 

Additionally, because there is no mandatory requirement for law enforcement agencies to report hate crimes to the FBI–even when bias is identified as a factor–they often do not report it to the FBI, so the data never shows up in the statistics. Moreover, many individuals impacted by hate do not report the incidents due to fear or inadequate responses from law enforcement or other reasons. As a result of all these factors, there continues to be an enormous gap between the FBI’s reported data and the true scope of hate violence targeting Sikhs and other communities.

What You Can Do

As the Sikh Coalition continues to fight for Sikh civil rights, there are also steps that you can take to fight hate and raise awareness. 

  • Contact your state elected officials and ask them to implement inclusive hate crime legislation. This is especially important if you live in Wyoming, South Carolina, Arkansas, or Georgia–the last remaining states where there are no hate crime protections. In Georgia, you can ask your state senators to support HB 426, which would implement a state hate crime law. In South Carolina, Wyoming, and Arkansas, you can ask your state elected officials to introduce and support bills that provide hate crime protections for all vulnerable communities based on race, religion, ethnicity, nationality, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, and age. To find your representatives, you can use this non-partisan search tool from Common Cause, and to learn more about hate crime laws in your state, you can use this map from the Stop Hate Project.
  • Encourage community members to document all hate incidents—including hate speech. Report incidents of hate and bias through the Sikh Coatlion’s Report Hate tool, which helps law enforcement better understand the full magnitude of the problem. The Sikh Coalition provides free legal assistance for Sikhs who have been discriminated against or subject to bias based upon their religious beliefs.
  • Help raise Sikh awareness in your school district. Share the Back to School Toolkit and Sikhism Educator’s Guide with teachers and school administrators. The collection includes elementary, middle and high school lesson plans, a discussion guide for CNN’s United Shades of America episode about the Sikh community, ancillary background materials about Sikhism and the Sikh community for educators, and more.
  • Encourage your local house of worship to conduct a free security assessment. The Sikh Coalition works with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and local law enforcement to provide a free assessment and provide suggestions on how to increase security and safety at gurdwaras — these services are available to other houses of worship as well. 
  • Conduct a Sikh awareness presentation for elected officials, law enforcement and others. The Sikh Coalition can provide contact information for law enforcement and elected officials and can also provide you with training on how to conduct the presentations. If interested, reach out to the Sikh Coalition at
  • Register to vote, host a voter registration drive, stay informed on where candidates stand on important issues, and make sure you and your community are informed on when and where to vote within your state. Some issue areas and questions you can take into consideration when voting for candidates include:
    • Does the candidate support stronger hate-crime legislation and responses by law enforcement through better training, tracking, and prosecutions?
    • Does the candidate support anti-bullying initiatives that can better protect Sikh and other youth?
    • Will the candidate work to end police profiling by legislation or law enforcement training?
    • Does the candidate support equal employment opportunities, including supporting Sikhs and other religious minorities to serve with full religious accommodations in the armed services, law enforcement, and all other workplaces?

At nine years old, all I understood was the fear that incidents of hate and bias create. Now, while the fear for Sikhs and other vulnerable communities still exists, I no longer feel helpless. It is the resilience of the Sikh community and the work of organizations like the Sikh Coalition that inspire me to take action and encourage others to take a stand against hate.

Nikki Singh is the Policy and Advocacy Manager at the Sikh Coalition, the largest Sikh civil rights organization in the United States. To learn more about the Sikh Coalition, visit their website and access their free online resources. Or follow their Instagram or Twitter page to stay up to date. 

By Nikki Singh

Nikki is a Policy and Advocacy Manager at a national civil rights non-profit where she supports the organization's advocacy to … Read more ›

In Conversation With Emily Harwitz: Nature is for all of Us

Emily Harwitz
Emily Harwitz

Emily Harwitz is a journalist, photographer, and podcaster whose work focuses on making the outdoors a more inclusive place. Coming from a background in chemistry and ecology, Harwitz uses her knowledge to tell stories about the environment. She has written for many publications including High Country News, Hakai Magazine, Mongabay, Chemical & Engineering News, and more. Harwitz is an ambassador for Girls Who Click which is a nonprofit that empowers women to forge their paths in conservation photography. Her creativity does not stop there as Harwitz is also the host and producer of the Save the Redwoods League podcast: “I’ll Go If You Go.” Harwitz has explored a range of topics such as forest bathing, skateboarding, and building an inclusive community in the outdoors. Her stories do not stop there as Harwitz is always on the move looking for her next story. Continue reading to learn more about Emily Harwitz’s journey.

[Read Related: How Nature can Reduce Stress and Anxiety]

The term inclusion when it comes to the environment and outdoors does not always go together. How can we make the outdoors a more inclusive place?

The outdoors is inherently inclusive because, the moment you step outside, you’re outdoors, regardless of who you think you are. What needs to change is how we think about who is and isn’t “natural,” or what’s a “natural” way to behave. The natural way to be is however you are.

How have your personal experiences in nature affected the way you look at the rest of the world?

When I’m in nature, I feel the smallness of my being in the context of the bigness of the natural world. But the amazing thing is, when I slow down to look around, smell the air, touch the dirt, I feel like I’m a part of that nature, too. It’s really comforting to feel connected to something so vast outside myself. I no longer think it’s hoaky to say that appreciating nature’s beauty is spiritual for me. It just feels so good to look at water sparkling in the sun, or a dusting of purple and yellow flowers in a gently waving field of grass. Watching how animals and other creatures seem to flow through their landscapes is also a spiritual experience. How perfect they seem! And wow, I’m an animal, too!

This brings up some important questions: In what context do I exist that effortlessly? How can I foster that feeling for myself in my daily life? How can I foster that feeling for others? And how can I connect other people to that feeling of “I love being alive!”? That fuels so much of my work—wanting to share the feeling of what I experience in nature with others.

As you have covered many stories for various publications as a reporter, is there one that specifically calls out to you that you would like to expand upon?

I just wrote a story about biophobia, or the fear of nature, for Hakai Magazine and it got picked up by The Atlantic. I’m pretty stoked about that because this is a really important topic. The story’s about how certain aspects of modern life, like urbanization and the ensuing lack of daily nature experiences, are driving people to feel increasingly disconnected from nature. This not only impacts conservation, but also human health because nature provides so many benefits to physical and mental health. Here’s a good article introducing a growing body of research about the health benefits of nature immersion. Nature also provides the opportunity to feel connected to something bigger than ourselves, which I believe is an important thing to experience.

As someone who is in the field of environmentalism do you feel this influences you to follow a vegetarian or even vegan diet which is more supportive of animals from all walks of life?

Absolutely. Animals from all walks of life, I like that! I eat a pretty pescatarian diet and try to use Monterey Bay Aquarium’s Seafood Watch to look up the seafood I eat. I feel strongly about what I put in my body and where it comes from. Beyond the sustainability and health concerns of factory-farmed animals, I am deeply disturbed by the conditions animals are subjected to in factory farms. If you don’t know what I’m talking about, look it up. If you do know what I’m talking about and you’re still eating conventionally-raised factory-farmed animals, I’d urge you to take another look. We all exist in systems, though, and I know it can be hard for people to totally overhaul their diets—especially with things like ag-gag laws in the US blocking the spread of information about the conditions farm animals are raised in. It’s a privilege to even be able to consider where I’m getting my food from, considering the vast food deserts in the US and how inaccessible fresh produce is for many. So, my hope is for a growing collective consciousness about our food systems that eventually leads to regenerative agriculture that’s healthy for all of us on this planet.

Are there any brands we can support which push the message of inclusion?

I think we should all consume less, so I’m going to recommend a few organizations promoting equitable outdoor access, diversity, and inclusivity: Skate Like a Girl, Feminist Bird Club, The Outdoorist Oath, Brown Girl Surf, Queer Asian Social Club, Hike Clerb. All of these orgs have great Instagram pages so you can fill your feed with diverse stories and faces. I guess this is still a kind of consumption, but hopefully an inspiring and generative kind!

How has Girls Who Click empowered you to get into the field of nature photography?

Girls Who Click connected me with an incredible filmmaking mentor, Dewi Marquis, who is also mixed Asian American. In addition to practical advice for film shoots, we’ve talked about work and life as women of color and the importance of listening to our own intuition during the creative process. Dewi’s involved with some great filmmaking organizations that I think the Brown Girl Magazine community would be interested in: Asian American Documentary Network, Brown Girls Doc Mafia, and Film Fatales.

[Read Related: Meet Preet: This is What an Antarctic Explorer Looks Like!]

As you have explored a range of topics on the Save The Redwoods League Podcast: “I’ll Go If You Go,” what are your plans for the newest season and how can we help support?

Thanks for this question! This new season is all about building community outdoors—hearing guests’ stories about how they started and grew their awesome community groups and organizations. My hope is that people can hear these stories and then go foster their own communities, wherever they are. All of our guests started with the desire to connect more with nature and others who can relate to their experiences as BIPOC and/or LGBTQ2S+ folks in the outdoors. If you identify with either or both of those categories, this podcast is for you! It’s by us, for us. The best way to support would be to listen, rate us 5 stars (if that’s how you feel), and share with friends. You can also follow the podcast on IG at @illgoifyougopodcast.

What is the Emily Harwitz starter kit for going camping or hiking?

I love this question! For hiking, aka a big walk outside, I always bring: a least one 32 oz. water bottle, a thermos of tea (oolong or green), a notebook or sketchbook, a pen or pencil. Sometimes I’ll bring a book that I don’t end up reading (how can I when there’s so much pretty nature to look at?), a tub of strawberries or other in-season fruit, my camera (currently shooting on a Sony alpha 6300 and a G200-600 lens). One of these days, I’m planning to bring my flute and a field recorder (Zoom H5). For going camping, I’d say: Make plans with a friend who already has lots of gear and likes to plan camping trips! Or there are lots of organizations that host camping trips you can sign up for. One day, I’ll go solo-backpacking, but I really enjoy camping with friends.

If you could go hiking with anyone in the world who would it be and why?

My Chinese grandpa who recently passed away. He loved nature, especially flowers, and I would love to go for a hike with to appreciate the beauty of nature together.

Who are your conservation heroes?

Personally: my grandmother who worked as lawyer to protect the environment in Florida, where I grew up. She introduced me to the whole world of conservation at an early age and I have so many joyful memories sifting through sargassum weed with her for tiny little shrimp and crabs, or looking for monarch caterpillars in the garden.

Thinking globally: Indigenous peoples around the world who steward and protect the lands they live on—including 80% of the world’s biodiversity. There’s growing recognition of this, and I hope to see more respect, protection, resources, and political action dedicated to Indigenous peoples who are doing this important work.

Do you feel that we will see a change and more representation in the outdoors?

Definitely! It’s already happening. Social media has actually been really beneficial in this regard because people can form their own communities online and share media and resources relevant to them. The outdoors industry is moving slower, but I’m seeing more initiatives to diversify marketing and such. The industry will have to adapt to include the people of the global majority if it wants to survive.

What do you see as the future for the outdoors?

Biodiverse (including humans!), inclusive, healthy, thriving, accessible experiences for adaptive skill levels. I am optimistic!

The sweet smell of petrichor, a cup of tea, and the redwoods. What more could you ask for?

True! Maybe an animal in the bushes nearby and a human friend to share it all with :)

[Read Related: Oil Spill Avoided in Caribbean Sea Thanks to Environmental Groups]

Lastly, what do you hope individuals take away from this interview with Brown Girl Magazine?

We’re all natural and we’re all nature people. There are as many ways to love and be loved by nature as there are people.

Photo Courtesy of Dani Shi

By Arun S.

Arun fell in love with music at a young age by way of his middle school music teacher Mr. D. … Read more ›

Nancy Jay: Meet the Indo Caribbean Influencer Breaking the Mold

nancy jay
nancy jay

In an age where algorithms dictate viewership, Nancy Jay uses her love of dance to propel herself onto TikTok’s “for you” pages. Jay is an Indo Guyanese, Bronx native who began dancing at the age of three. As an influencer and content creator, she amassed a social media following of more than 500,000. Versed in many styles of dancing including Caribbean, Bollywood, urban and Latin, Jay can be spotted in soca music videos such as Linky First’s “Rock and Come in” and “Jeune Femme,” Adrian Dutchin’s “Roll” and by soca king Machel Montano’s “Mami Lo Tiene.”

nancy jay
Photo courtesy of Nancy Jay

[Read Related: HGTV’S Hema Persad on Having the Courage to Find Your Purpose]

Many content creators are typecast into the niche but Jay has defied this norm and proclaims she is more than just a dancer.

“I dance, travel, post lifestyle and beauty content. I’m an Indo Caribbean woman who enjoys being myself and promoting my culture. I like showing viewers it is okay to be who they are and embrace what they look like, despite what they see on social media. I did not plan on being a TikToker. As I started posting videos, the love and support I received from viewers was amazing. I have never experienced anything like that before on Instagram, where I started my content journey,” Jay said.

In conversation with Jay, the following answers have been condensed for concision and clarity. 

Why is it important for you to create content related to your Indo Caribbean roots?

Growing up, I never felt represented as an Indo Caribbean on television, in movies, social media or anywhere else. My goal as a content creator is to promote the Indo Caribbean culture through my content and be the representation the Indo Caribbean community needs.

Are there unspoken rules about being a content creator or an Indo Caribbean woman on the platform?

Being an Indo Caribbean woman on TikTok can be challenging when you are trying to find your identity and do not feel represented. 

Jay explains her frustration with the lack of Caribbean representation and acknowledgment from platforms, as well as her goals as a content creator in this video.

@iamnancyjay Anyone else feel this way? Or understand what I’m saying? R E P R E S E N T A T I O N ?? original sound – iamnancyjay

Do you ever experience a block, similar to writer’s block, when it comes to creating content? How do you overcome that?

I have yet to experience a block. However, I do have days where I want to take a break and just relax instead of filming. As a content creator, it is important to take breaks and schedule days to just relax because being a full-time content creator is a 24/7 business. It can be draining and you may lose your sense of reality when you have the mindset that everything is content. I enjoy taking a day or half a day to cook, watch TV or go shopping with my partner without the worry of filming any of it.

How has your social media presence changed your daily life?

When I am in public, supporters approach me to express their love for my content and sometimes ask for a selfie. When I find people staring at me in public now, it’s most likely because they recognize me from social media and not because I look funny.

In May of 2021, I used my platform to reach out to brands and ask for their support in a project I named ‘Nancy Jay Gives Back.’ I put together care packages, using products donated by brands, and drove around the Bronx sharing them with people experiencing homelessness or those in need. Seeing the happiness on their faces upon receiving these bags was priceless. Additionally, I spread some extra joy through dance. I remember one lady telling me she’d never been to a club or party so I told her I’ve brought the party to her and we danced to her favorite genre of music right there on the street.


View this post on Instagram


A post shared by Nancy Jay (@iamnancyjay)

Jay plans on continuing this project as her social media presence has grown. 

How has your family reacted to your social presence?

My family has always been supportive of my talents and the path I have chosen. My first public dance performance was at the age of 12. I performed a fusion of Bollywood and chutney music at middle school events. When I got to high school, I participated in our talent show to a fusion of Bollywood, chutney, soca and top 40. I won the talent show three or four times. I also performed for fundraisers organized by mandirs in Queens, the Bronx, weddings, sweet sixteens and other social events. 

My family always came out to support me. They love seeing my content and always encourage me to film and create. My mom in particular tells everyone about my TikTok videos.

While enrolled at John Jay College, Jay founded the first West Indian student organization called “West Indies Massive.” She captained the dance team, taught dance classes and won the talent show multiple times while pursuing her Bachelor of Science degree in criminal justice with a minor in law and police studies.

Any advice for creators who may not have the support of family?

Do not let this discourage you. If content creation is something you truly want to do, stay consistent and eventually your family will support you for doing what you love. Social media is still new to some and the idea of it being someone’s career or business is new as well. I say be patient. Also, talk to them about your social media goals, as perhaps they do not understand the full picture.

What is your dream partnership and why?

My dream partnership would involve acting. I’ve always wanted to be an actress, preferably a Bollywood actress because I know I would kill those dance numbers (haha!). Also, I would love to partner with Sandals Resorts and bring that Caribbean flavor they should be promoting.

Jay has collaborated with major brands like Samsung Mobile, Norwegian Cruise Line, AC Hotels, Disney Music Group, and Dunkin which is paramount for the Indo Caribbean community.

“I am the first Indo Caribbean woman to work with Norwegian Cruise Line as a content creator. Cruise travel is a huge part of my content journey. I love cruising and creating unique experiences and content. While cruising, I connected with the crew while most people typically do not. I treat everyone with respect,” Jay said 

@iamnancyjay It’s not a cruise unless I dance with the Norwegian Prima crew ??? Drip Too Hard (1er Gaou Mix) – Thejokestation0 • Following

“I started a fun series called ‘Cruise Dances with the Crew’ back in August of 2021. There’s a playlist on TikTok with all of the fun dances. Prior to my first video, I had not seen anyone dancing on cruise ships with the crew. I guess you could say I started that trend.”

Nancy intertwined this partnership with her content and further put herself on the map.

Another pivotal partnership for Jay occurred in March 2021 when Dunkin chose her as one of 10 from a nationwide competition to feature her signature drink on the local menu.

@iamnancyjay I love ordering “The Nancy Jay” @dunkin ?? #dunkin #coffee #icedcoffee #dunkinmenucontest #thenancyjay #BiggerIsBetter #EnvisionGreatness #viral #bx ? original sound – iamnancyjay

How has content creation changed in the past two years?

Within the past two years, my content and style has grown tremendously. My gear list has also grown tremendously. I’ve been a content creator full time for a little over a year now. I have had more time to focus on the presentation and editing of my content.

What else do you want your viewers to not know about you or your work?

I stay true to who I am. Supporters who I’ve met in person can attest that I am the same, in-person and online. I like to keep things relatable, fun and authentic. I am working with a lot of big brands. I try to incorporate dance in all my content to capture my passion, diversity and culture.

I started teaching Caribbean Dance Fitness classes and private dance lessons officially in 2016. Since Covid, I moved everything online. Not only have I helped many learn how to dance but I have also helped build their confidence through dance and expression.

Lastly, I love traveling and encouraging others to live their best life.

Jay is more than a dancer; she is unapologetically herself. She maximizes opportunities and is building a brand that highlights her Indo Caribbean roots – a culture often not highlighted in mainstream media. 

You can stay updated on Jay and the community she’s created by following her on Instagram, TikTok and YouTube.

Featured image courtesy: Nancy Jay

By Ashley Ramcharan

Ashley Ramcharan is Indo-Guyanese and the assistant editor for the Indo-Caribbean team here at Brown Girl Magazine. She developed a … Read more ›